The United Nations hosts an annual global climate change conference known as COP which stands for Conference of the Parties. The Parties refer to the 193 countries making up the United Nations.
This year marks the 26th anniversary of COP, hence the name COP26. The first COP took place in Berlin in 1995 against the backdrop of increased climate change research. The central idea behind COP is to unite the UN countries in actions to prevent climate change. A key task of the COP is to review the emission inventories submitted by the Parties and, based on this, assess the effects of the measures taken.
- Step up mitigation efforts - further reduce greenhouse gas emissions in order to keep the 1.5 degree goal within reach.
- Strengthen adaptation and resilience - protect the global population, and particularly the most vulnerable regions of the world, from already unavoidable impacts of climate change.
- Mobilise $100 billion in climate finance.
- Enhance international collaboration - finalising the Paris rulebook.