pressure systems inspection from Allianz

Pressure Systems Inspection Services (PSSR)

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or to book an inspection, please get in touch.

An unexpected release of energy from any type of pressure system, from industrial steam boilers to cafe boilers in coffee shops, can be highly dangerous to anyone in the vicinity. Regular inspections, maintenance and correct operation are crucial to confirm that your vessels are completely safe to use and pose no risk of injury or damage.

Ensure that your equipment is suitable for service with our pressure system inspection services. Through our nationwide team of highly trained engineer surveyors, we confirm that your systems are compliant with the examination requirements of the PSSR.

Our expert engineer surveyors can carry out full inspections of your pressure systems as a regular service,
or on an ad hoc basis.

  • Thorough examinations of your pressure systems in accordance with PSSR.
  • Thorough inspections of your pressure systems and mechanical equipment in accordance with PUWER.

  • Producing Written Schemes of Examination for your pressure systems in accordance with PSSR.
  • Non-destructive testing.
  • Reviewing proposals for the repair of pressure vessels and boilers.
  • Witnessing hydraulic pressure tests.
  • Site audits, inspections and risk assessments for industrial steam boiler installations.
  • Inspections of storage tanks.
  • Inspections of locomotives (including through their overhaul cycle).

Not sure which service is right for you?
Learn more about our service options or contact one of our experts.

The Pressure System Safety Regulations 2000 (PSSR) outlines the health and safety standards for many types of systems containing pressurised fluids, such as steam, compressed air or nitrogen, and refrigerants.

Under PSSR regulations, you are required to:

  • Establish safe operating limits (SOLs) for your pressure systems.
  • Have a Written Scheme of Examination (WSE) in place before operating any system.
  • Ensure your pressure systems are inspected in accordance with your WSE.
  • Perform suitable maintenance on your systems and provide clear instructions for users.

Meeting these pressure equipment regulations helps you prevent serious injuries by greatly reducing the risk of explosions, ruptures and mechanical failures.

In addition, pressure systems fall under the Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations 1998 (PUWER). This applies to the safety and functionality of any work equipment used by your employees, whether it is owned by them or not.

With a complete understanding of the technical requirements associated with all forms of pressure systems, we are perfectly placed to assess the condition and safety of your equipment.

As part of our PSSR inspections, we:

  • Produce Written Schemes of Examination to detail the inspection requirements of your systems.
  • Meticulously examine your pressure systems in accordance with PSSR.
  • Inspect your pressure systems and mechanical equipment in line with the requirements of PUWER.

We can also perform a range of additional services to further assess the safety of your systems, including reviews of repair proposals, witnessing hydraulic pressure tests, and conducting site audits and risk assessments for your steam boiler installations.

You can see a full list of our available services here.

A pressure system comprises of one or more vessels with associated safety devices connected by pipework. They contain either gas or liquid under pressure, and are a critical part of many industrial processes. Types of pressure systems include:
  • industrial steam boilers
  • cafe boilers
  • air receivers
  • autoclaves
  • calorifiers
  • refrigeration and air conditioning plants
  • pressurised storage vessels.
Everyday stresses, corrosion and component failure reduces this technology’s ability to withstand pressure, which if left unchecked can lead to dangerous releases of energy. Whether this is an explosion caused by overpressure, or a rupture of vessels and pipes, these can seriously injure nearby people and damage property.

PSSR inspections are vital to confirming your pressure systems are suitable for service. A trained, competent engineer surveyor can identify potential weaknesses in your systems early, before they can become dangerous to personnel, cause plant breakdowns, or disrupt your processes.

Regular risk-based inspections help to confirm:

  • That your equipment is safe to be used and interacted with.
  • There is minimal risk of unexpected releases of pressure.

Plus, frequent checks are necessary to make sure you comply with PSSR regulations. You could face six-figure fines for significant breaches of PSSR, especially if this results in someone’s injury or death.

PSSR inspections must be performed by a ‘competent person’. This is someone with expert knowledge and understanding of this equipment, trained to spot any potential failures in a pressure system before they can become dangerous.

We provide a fully independent and impartial inspection service to assess the condition and safety of your equipment.

The extensive experience and comprehensive knowledge of our engineer surveyors means we can inspect your equipment to these high standards.

A Written Scheme of Examination (WSE) is a document outlining the items of plant or equipment that form your pressure systems. It will detail what components require inspection, and how often.

Under PSSR, the user of an installed system or the owner of a mobile system is duty bound to ensure pressure systems are not used unless they have a WSE in place.

Mobile systems refer to any pressure vessel that can be easily moved from place to place, such as a mobile air compressor. Installed systems are systems that cannot easily be moved, such as an industrial steam boiler.

The statutory requirements for pressure systems are based on their volume and pressure of the vessels they contain, and whether these contain a relevant fluid, such as steam or compressed air above 0.5bar.

If a pressure system with a relevant fluid contains a vessel where the product of its volume (in litres) and its pressure (in bar) is above 250 bar-litres (bl), it is likely to require a Written Scheme of Examination.

For example, if your 30-litre air receiver has a design pressure of 12 bar, this equals 360bl (30 x 12) – meaning it would require both a WSE and periodic inspections.

For more information, refer to HSE's flow chart on page 9 of the PSSR ACoP.

A relevant fluid is:

  • steam at any pressure
  • compressed gas at a pressure greater than 0.5 bar atmospheric pressure
  • a liquid with a vapour pressure greater than 0.5 bar atmospheric pressure - this includes refrigerants and pressurised hot water above 110 °C
  • a gas dissolved under pressure in a solvent (acetylene).

Refrigeration plants that contain pressure vessels, with compressor power over 25 kilowatts, also require a WSE and inspections.

The frequency of your PSSR inspections will depend on the type of pressure systems you have, how they are used and how they are deteriorating.

However, many pressure systems are inspected at common frequencies. Cafe boilers and autoclaves are often inspected every 14 months, while air receivers, calorifiers and steam vessels are often inspected once every 26 months.

Scroll down for our complete list of PSSR inspection frequencies.

Swipe to view more

Plant/Equipment Type Applicable Legislation Periodicity of Inspection
Air Receivers PUWER / PSSR Typically 26 months
Autoclaves PSSR 14 months
Blowdown Vessels PSSR Same periodicity of the boiler to which it is connected: Shell Boiler - 14 months
Water tube boiler - 26 months
Bulk Storage Vessel PUWER / PSSR / COMAH Will vary depending on risk assessment
Cafe Boilers PUWER / PSSR  14 months
Calorifiers PUWER / PSSR 26 months
Hot Water Boilers PUWER / PSSR PUWER - 24 months
PUWER applies to those boilers in which the temperature is below 100oC.
PSSR applies to those boilers in which the water temperature is at or above 100oC.
Jacket Reactor Vessel PUWER / PSSR / COMAH Will vary depending on risk assessment
Pressurisation Units PUWER / PSSR 60 months
Refrigeration & Air Conditioning Plant PUWER / PSSR 48 months
Steam Boilers PSSR Horizontal Multi-tubular Boilers; Vertical Boilers; Autoclaves - 14 months
Water-tube Boilers - 26 months
Steam Vessels PSSR 26 months
We are the largest independent provider of pressure system inspections in the UK. With more coverage, engineer surveyors
and capacity than anyone else, you can rely on our team to take care of all inspections and tests with absolute
efficiency and attention to detail, so you always comply with pressure safety standards.
Our engineer surveyors are experts in all forms of pressure system inspections, offering the highest level of technical competence. 
A Loyalty Leader for over 13 years, we monitor customer feedback to improve our service and ensure our 31,000+ customers are fairly treated.
We inspect plant and machinery anywhere in the UK and Republic of Ireland, examining over 3.6 million items and visiting over 125,000 locations in 2022. 
To make our customers’ lives easier, our engineering inspection and insurance services can be arranged together.
Our accreditations reassure our customers that we complete tasks safely and with absolute attention to detail.
We can provide both one-off inspections and consultancy services, tailored to your specific needs.
Our inspection reports can be compiled on-site, meaning our customers receive our recommendations as soon as possible. 
All our engineer surveyors hold a SAFed passport, certifying that the holder is competent to work safely in all industry sectors.